What is Acne Rosacea?

What is Acne Rosacea

women-close-up-eyeAcne Rosacea is a type of Rosacea that shows a permanent redness of the skin along with red pus filled bumps that resembles pimples, which is why this type is often mistaken for acne.

Rosacea is in fact a chronic skin disease that affects many people, the cause is unknown and there is no cure.

There are treatments that can help to reduce the symptoms and on some occasions the condition has been known to go into remission for long periods of time.


There are four types of Rosacea and a person can actually have one or more

Phymatous rosacea – with this type of rosacea you will often see an enlargement of the screen-shot-2016-10-18-at-5-43-34-pmnose. Phymatous Rosacea signs are enlargement such as the nose, thickening of the skin and surface nodules. This type can also be seen on the forehead and chin.

Ocular Rosacea – this type affected the eyes and eyelids, the eyes may feel like you have sandpaper in them as well as be dry and irritated. Other symptoms of this type of Rosacea are itching, burning and being sensitive to the light. A person can get eye infections and blurry vision.

Erthematotelangiectatic Rosacea – this type leaves the person with a permanent redness of the face and can have blood vessels near the surface widen causing burning and itching. This type of Rosacea can also affect the ears, neck, chest, scalp and upper back. The skin is often sensitive, dry and flaky.

The fourth type will answer the question What is Acne Rosacea well it is also called Papulopustular Rosacea and shows as a permanent redness of the skin, but is often accompanied with red pus filled bumps, that is why this type is often mistaken for acne, so over the years it was called Acne Rosacea or Subtype 2 Rosacea.

What Causes Rosacea

There is no exact known cause for Rosacea although there are some triggers that are said to cause flare-ups. Some of these are:

  • Drinking Alcohol
  • Eating spicy foods
  • Sudden changes of temperature – outdoor to indoor in winter
  • Intestinal bacteria
  • Strenuous exercise
  • Sunburn
  • Stress
  • Anxiety
  • Some medications

Controlling Rosacea Triggers

Take care of your skin using cleansers and skin care products that are water based. Skin care products containing alcohol, menthol, and witch hazel can make your symptoms worse.

Treatment will also depend on the severity and the type of Rosacea you have. Mild causes are usually not treated at all where as a bad breakout would be treated with medications, these medications could be orally or topically or both.

Keeping a journal and recording what you eat, what you have put on your skin, stressful events, and when you feel anxious etc. This is a good way to figure out what your triggers are.

Other things you can do to minimize your breakouts is to avoid the triggers that make this conditions worse. Some of recommendations would be:

  • Avoiding long exposure to sunlight – this is a very common trigger
  • Avoid emotional stress – also a common trigger
  • And any other triggers you have noticed

Some people have benefited from wearing wide brimmed hats in the sun and others from wearing sunscreen, but be careful with the sunscreen, make sure it is a natural product and not something that will irritate you skin.

Rosacea does not affect everyone the same and it can take a long time to figure out what your triggers are and how to manage your condition. It is best to work with your doctor and between the two of you develop a treatment plan that will help and at the same time avoid any known triggers.

Medical Treatments

Medications like doxycycline and ox tetracycline that are antibiotics are commonly used for Acne Rosacea because they are thought to help reduce the lesions through their anti-inflammatory abilities.

screen-shot-2016-10-18-at-5-44-04-pmThe use of Lasers is also being used in the treatment of Rosacea, it is said that with a number of treatments the redness may be eliminated.

With the dermatological vascular laser they use light to penetrate and target the capillaries in the dermis layer of the skin, the light heats up the walls of the capillaries, which damages them and causes the body to absorb them.

CO lasers is another laser, this one is used to remove the excess tissue from phymatous rosacea. The laser beam vaporizes the tissue.

Some of the differences between Acne and Rosacea are:

Area’s affected

Rosacea – commonly the cheeks and nose sometimes the chin and forehead

Acne  – Mainly the face but back, chest and shoulders sometimes to a lesser degree


Rosacea – usually begins as redness, with tiny dilated blood vessels visible sometimes.

You many see bumps and pimples as the inflammation increases, and the eyes could feel gritty or appear bloodshot.

In advanced cases the nose may become swollen.

Acne – is more characterized by a great variety of lesions, with blackheads often more predominant.

Pimples, bumps and nodules may develop on the face and other affected areas of the body. The skin often becomes oily because the sebaceous glands are overactive.


Rosacea – Avoiding triggers and lifestyle factors that an trigger flare-ups.  Prescription oral and topical medication.

Acne – Over the counter acne preparations and prescriptions medications for severe cases. Natural soaps containing tea tree oil or activated charcoal.  Natural lotions that help to balance the skins sebum.

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